Montana State Defense Force 1st Irregulars MTDF

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Montana State Defense Force Structure and Bylaws

Posted by Rick Lovelien on July 29, 2013 at 6:20 PM

Montana State Militia Structure and Bylaws

Mission Statement Declaration of Purpose A legitimate Militia pursuant to the ends of Amendment

2 of the United States Constitution, shall preserve the life, liberty, and property of all law-abiding

citizens within its area through the preparation, training, and support of a lawful citizens’ group

outside the jurisdiction of government. To better aid the defense of liberty, Montana state defense

force shall train citizens within a well regulated organization dedicated to upholding our natural and

inalienable rights and the constitution of the State of Montana.

Jurisdiction Pursuant to 10 United States Code chapter 13, all citizens not counted as members of

the armed forces or otherwise exempt or barred by law from military service are members of the

unorganized militia. The unorganized militia may be called to service by the governor of the State of

Montana to aide state authorities in the lawful execution of their duties, or by general consensus of

the population should the state fail in the execution of its constitutional duties.


The organization of Montana State defense force is divided into three levels of structure, each with

separate responsibilities. All direct authority within the regulations of the Montana State defense

force bylaws will be retained at the company level, and no command position exists beyond the

company commander.

The regional and state levels exist to regulate cooperation and adherence to the mission of

Montana State defense force and are at all times subject to the strictest standards of conduct. As

with direct company command, the limited and clearly defined authority of regional and state

structure are derived from the need of indirect guidance and assistance to preserve the growth,

development and integrity of all Montana State defense force units.

Company Organization

Each company shall consist of no less than a commander holding the rank of Captain and one four

man fireteam led by a Sergeant. Commanders of new units will be vetted and recommended for

approval by the Regional Director to the MTDF Board of Directors by a two-thirds majority vote. After

a unit is established, company commanders will be elected yearly on the 21st day of April by all

non-commissioned officers of their unit. When a unit reaches four fireteams, they will separate into

two squads of two fireteams, each commanded directly by a Staff Sergeant. Should a unit reach

four squads, it will separate into two companies, the new company electing a new commander. A

First Sergeant is not a required position, however an enlisted member may be appointed by the

company commander as a command level advisor and administrative/training assistant.

Regional Organization

The Jurisdiction of Montana State defense force will be divided into six geographic regions each

administered by a Regional Director and company commanders’ group.

The regional company commanders’ group will be responsible for cooperating on joint trainings and

meetings for the benefit of all companies. The commanders’ group will also be responsible for

electing a Regional Director and deciding their votes in MTDF Board of Directors meetings. Should a

disagreement or problem arise affecting more than one company within a region the regional

commanders’ group will cooperate on resolving a disagreement.

Regional Directors will be elected yearly on the 21st day of April by a two-thirds majority of

company commanders within their region. Outside of delegation to the MTDF Board of Directors,

Regional Directors are charged with the responsibility of training, coaching, mentoring, and

assisting company commanders within their region. Regional Directors will assume responsibility

for vetting new company commanders and assisting in building new units within their region, as well

as monitoring for adherence to the MTDF Structure and Bylaws.

If a region has only one company, the company commander will by default assume the role of

Regional Director with an election to be conducted upon the activation of a second company. If no

companies exist within a region, a Regional Director will be elected by the MTDF Board of Directors,

however they will have only an advisory non-voting role in Board meetings and the sole

responsibility of raising a company, taking on the role of company commander and assisting other

companies within their region to form.

State Organization

A state authority consisting of a board of directors shall convene regularly on matters affecting two

or more regions, meeting in person or by telephone conference. The board shall consist of

Regional Directors, each having one vote, and matters shall be decided upon a two-thirds majority

of all voting members. A chairman of the board shall be elected yearly on the 21st day of April, to

convene meetings of the board and mediate discussion with no other authority outside his/her one


Should a board member be unable to attend a board meeting they shall delegate another board

member to proxy vote upon verification by no less than one other member of the board. The vote of

a Regional Director must be previously approved by a two-thirds majority of voting company

commanders within that Director’s region. Should a Regional Director have not made provisions

for a proxy vote or not have secured a decisive majority opinion of Company Commanders, he shall

have no vote. If two-thirds of Regional Directors are unable to vote, the vote must be postponed

until the next meeting that a majority vote may be achieved.

Decisions made by the MTDF Board of Directors are able to amend any aspect of MTDF affecting

more than one region however may not violate the Constitution of the State of Montana, the

Constitution of the United States, or the Montana State defense force Declaration of Purpose.

Should a unit or company commander be unable or unwilling to execute their duties the Regional

Director will be responsible for reporting to the Board of Directors and detailing reasons for

temporary or permanent replacement. Unless emergency circumstances exist violating US or

Montana law or posing an imminent threat to the lives, liberty or property of citizens, after adequate

deliberation the Board of Directors shall vote to either temporarily or permanently remove the

company commander. If removed, the company commander position will be occupied by the

Regional Director for no more than 30 days until the company commander is able to resume duty or

a suitable replacement is elected. Should the position take more than 30 days to fill, the situation

will be reviewed by the MTDF Board of Directors and a new vote will be held.

Membership and Leadership Standards

Commissioned Officers

Oath of Office:“I, _____, having been appointed an officer in the Montana State defense force, do

solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and

the Constitution of the State of Montana against all enemies, foreign or domestic; that I will bear

true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental

reservations or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the

office upon which I am about to enter; So help me God”.


All citizens are eligible for commissioned officer status. Candidates must have no criminal

background, be of sound mind and body, and able to discharge the duties of a commissioned

officer. Military service is not required but a thorough understanding of military theory and conduct

is necessary. Candidates must demonstrate a general competency in the fields of leadership,

administration, basic soldier skills, and light infantry tactics and strategy.


Commissioned officers carry the ultimate responsibility of command, directly assuming liability for

the training, equipment, conduct, and livelihoods of troops as well as citizens within the area of

operations of Montana State Militia. Authority of command is derived from the imminent need for

informed and impartial decision making and extends solely to facilitate commanders in the

execution of the mission of Montana State defense force . Commanders will at all times conduct

themselves accordingly.

Enlisted Personnel

Oath of Enlistment: “I, _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the

Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Montana against all enemies,

foreign or domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will abide by the

Montana State defense force bylaws, and follow the orders of the officers appointed over me. That

I will willing and faithfully discharge the duties of the position upon which I am about to enter; So

help me God”.


All citizens are eligible for enlisted service in Montana State defense force. Candidates must have

no serious criminal background, be of sound mind and body, and able to participate and learn the

duties of enlisted militia personnel. No prior experience is required however recruits must be able to

attend training and willing to learn basic infantry skills. Recruits need no gear, however they must

be willing to acquire minimal items to facilitate their service in Montana State defense force.


Unless otherwise specified, recruits will enter Montana State defense force at the rank of Private,

eligible for promotion to the rank of Sergeant after completing Advanced Training Level 2.

Candidates eligible for immediate placement in a team leader position will be evaluated by

company commanders on a case by case basis if prior military or other service exceeds the

standards of Militia Basic Training. Militia enlisted personnel will be responsible for furnishing their

own food, gear, ammunition and other necessary materials for training and deployments, however

this may be pursued as finances permit after the recruit has joined Montana State defense force . A

minimum attendance of meetings and trainings will be required to maintain membership as well as

a continuous pursuit of learning basic soldier skills.

Recruiting Procedures

Potential recruits will be contacted as soon as possible by the receiving company commander or a

qualified designee to be evaluated for background, experience and leadership potential. Provided

candidates have no serious criminal background and are able to make required trainings they will

be immediately assigned to the unit located closest to their contact address. If candidates can

demonstrate a thorough understanding and ability to execute the requirements of a leadership role

they will be commissioned at the appropriate rank and introduced at the next company meeting.

Training Plan

Montana State defense force Infantry training will consist of a 3 level training plan . Level 1 will

consist of Basic Infantry Training and will be required for all members to assume active status as

Infantry in MTDF. Level 2 will consist of Advanced Training focused on applying individual skills

learned in Basic Infantry Training to a unit level and improving Infantry skills. Level 3 will consist of

Leadership Training and will build upon all previous training fostering skills above that of average

militia troops in tactical operations, critical thinking, and leadership skills. Training is not mandatory

but completion of training will be required for advancement in rank. A minimum attendance of 1

classroom training per month and 1 field training per quarter will be required to maintain

membership in Montana Statedefense force. Unit commanders are responsible for developing a

schedule of training that incorporates constant basic training for new recruits while facilitating

development and growth of leaders. Priority of work should be given to locating and maintaining

suitable locations that allow both classroom and field training preferably with the ability for live-fire

training. Scheduling should be consistent and cooperate with the availability of as many unit

personnel as possible, maintaining redundancy in order to facilitate members who are unable to

attend regular sessions.

Redress of Grievances

Lawful orders within the jurisdiction of Montana State defense force command shall be carried out

upon receipt without immediate recourse provided they do not present a danger to the life, limb, or

property of law abiding individuals. For redress of grievances an open-door policy shall be held by

all enlisted and commissioned members of Montana State Militia and any orders found to be in

violation of established policy shall be immediately rescinded or corrected by the appropriate level

of command. Violation of Montana State defense force guidelines is punishable by corrective

action to include immediate dismissal from service.


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