|Posted by Rick Lovelien on July 29, 2013 at 6:20 PM|
Montana State Militia Structure and Bylaws
Mission Statement Declaration of Purpose A legitimate Militia pursuant to the ends of Amendment
2 of the United States Constitution, shall preserve the life, liberty, and property of all law-abiding
citizens within its area through the preparation, training, and support of a lawful citizens’ group
outside the jurisdiction of government. To better aid the defense of liberty, Montana state defense
force shall train citizens within a well regulated organization dedicated to upholding our natural and
inalienable rights and the constitution of the State of Montana.
Jurisdiction Pursuant to 10 United States Code chapter 13, all citizens not counted as members of
the armed forces or otherwise exempt or barred by law from military service are members of the
unorganized militia. The unorganized militia may be called to service by the governor of the State of
Montana to aide state authorities in the lawful execution of their duties, or by general consensus of
the population should the state fail in the execution of its constitutional duties.
The organization of Montana State defense force is divided into three levels of structure, each with
separate responsibilities. All direct authority within the regulations of the Montana State defense
force bylaws will be retained at the company level, and no command position exists beyond the
The regional and state levels exist to regulate cooperation and adherence to the mission of
Montana State defense force and are at all times subject to the strictest standards of conduct. As
with direct company command, the limited and clearly defined authority of regional and state
structure are derived from the need of indirect guidance and assistance to preserve the growth,
development and integrity of all Montana State defense force units.
Each company shall consist of no less than a commander holding the rank of Captain and one four
man fireteam led by a Sergeant. Commanders of new units will be vetted and recommended for
approval by the Regional Director to the MTDF Board of Directors by a two-thirds majority vote. After
a unit is established, company commanders will be elected yearly on the 21st day of April by all
non-commissioned officers of their unit. When a unit reaches four fireteams, they will separate into
two squads of two fireteams, each commanded directly by a Staff Sergeant. Should a unit reach
four squads, it will separate into two companies, the new company electing a new commander. A
First Sergeant is not a required position, however an enlisted member may be appointed by the
company commander as a command level advisor and administrative/training assistant.
The Jurisdiction of Montana State defense force will be divided into six geographic regions each
administered by a Regional Director and company commanders’ group.
The regional company commanders’ group will be responsible for cooperating on joint trainings and
meetings for the benefit of all companies. The commanders’ group will also be responsible for
electing a Regional Director and deciding their votes in MTDF Board of Directors meetings. Should a
disagreement or problem arise affecting more than one company within a region the regional
commanders’ group will cooperate on resolving a disagreement.
Regional Directors will be elected yearly on the 21st day of April by a two-thirds majority of
company commanders within their region. Outside of delegation to the MTDF Board of Directors,
Regional Directors are charged with the responsibility of training, coaching, mentoring, and
assisting company commanders within their region. Regional Directors will assume responsibility
for vetting new company commanders and assisting in building new units within their region, as well
as monitoring for adherence to the MTDF Structure and Bylaws.
If a region has only one company, the company commander will by default assume the role of
Regional Director with an election to be conducted upon the activation of a second company. If no
companies exist within a region, a Regional Director will be elected by the MTDF Board of Directors,
however they will have only an advisory non-voting role in Board meetings and the sole
responsibility of raising a company, taking on the role of company commander and assisting other
companies within their region to form.
A state authority consisting of a board of directors shall convene regularly on matters affecting two
or more regions, meeting in person or by telephone conference. The board shall consist of
Regional Directors, each having one vote, and matters shall be decided upon a two-thirds majority
of all voting members. A chairman of the board shall be elected yearly on the 21st day of April, to
convene meetings of the board and mediate discussion with no other authority outside his/her one
Should a board member be unable to attend a board meeting they shall delegate another board
member to proxy vote upon verification by no less than one other member of the board. The vote of
a Regional Director must be previously approved by a two-thirds majority of voting company
commanders within that Director’s region. Should a Regional Director have not made provisions
for a proxy vote or not have secured a decisive majority opinion of Company Commanders, he shall
have no vote. If two-thirds of Regional Directors are unable to vote, the vote must be postponed
until the next meeting that a majority vote may be achieved.
Decisions made by the MTDF Board of Directors are able to amend any aspect of MTDF affecting
more than one region however may not violate the Constitution of the State of Montana, the
Constitution of the United States, or the Montana State defense force Declaration of Purpose.
Should a unit or company commander be unable or unwilling to execute their duties the Regional
Director will be responsible for reporting to the Board of Directors and detailing reasons for
temporary or permanent replacement. Unless emergency circumstances exist violating US or
Montana law or posing an imminent threat to the lives, liberty or property of citizens, after adequate
deliberation the Board of Directors shall vote to either temporarily or permanently remove the
company commander. If removed, the company commander position will be occupied by the
Regional Director for no more than 30 days until the company commander is able to resume duty or
a suitable replacement is elected. Should the position take more than 30 days to fill, the situation
will be reviewed by the MTDF Board of Directors and a new vote will be held.
Membership and Leadership Standards
Oath of Office:“I, _____, having been appointed an officer in the Montana State defense force, do
solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and
the Constitution of the State of Montana against all enemies, foreign or domestic; that I will bear
true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental
reservations or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the
office upon which I am about to enter; So help me God”.
All citizens are eligible for commissioned officer status. Candidates must have no criminal
background, be of sound mind and body, and able to discharge the duties of a commissioned
officer. Military service is not required but a thorough understanding of military theory and conduct
is necessary. Candidates must demonstrate a general competency in the fields of leadership,
administration, basic soldier skills, and light infantry tactics and strategy.
Commissioned officers carry the ultimate responsibility of command, directly assuming liability for
the training, equipment, conduct, and livelihoods of troops as well as citizens within the area of
operations of Montana State Militia. Authority of command is derived from the imminent need for
informed and impartial decision making and extends solely to facilitate commanders in the
execution of the mission of Montana State defense force . Commanders will at all times conduct
Oath of Enlistment: “I, _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the
Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Montana against all enemies,
foreign or domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will abide by the
Montana State defense force bylaws, and follow the orders of the officers appointed over me. That
I will willing and faithfully discharge the duties of the position upon which I am about to enter; So
help me God”.
All citizens are eligible for enlisted service in Montana State defense force. Candidates must have
no serious criminal background, be of sound mind and body, and able to participate and learn the
duties of enlisted militia personnel. No prior experience is required however recruits must be able to
attend training and willing to learn basic infantry skills. Recruits need no gear, however they must
be willing to acquire minimal items to facilitate their service in Montana State defense force.
Unless otherwise specified, recruits will enter Montana State defense force at the rank of Private,
eligible for promotion to the rank of Sergeant after completing Advanced Training Level 2.
Candidates eligible for immediate placement in a team leader position will be evaluated by
company commanders on a case by case basis if prior military or other service exceeds the
standards of Militia Basic Training. Militia enlisted personnel will be responsible for furnishing their
own food, gear, ammunition and other necessary materials for training and deployments, however
this may be pursued as finances permit after the recruit has joined Montana State defense force . A
minimum attendance of meetings and trainings will be required to maintain membership as well as
a continuous pursuit of learning basic soldier skills.
Potential recruits will be contacted as soon as possible by the receiving company commander or a
qualified designee to be evaluated for background, experience and leadership potential. Provided
candidates have no serious criminal background and are able to make required trainings they will
be immediately assigned to the unit located closest to their contact address. If candidates can
demonstrate a thorough understanding and ability to execute the requirements of a leadership role
they will be commissioned at the appropriate rank and introduced at the next company meeting.
Montana State defense force Infantry training will consist of a 3 level training plan . Level 1 will
consist of Basic Infantry Training and will be required for all members to assume active status as
Infantry in MTDF. Level 2 will consist of Advanced Training focused on applying individual skills
learned in Basic Infantry Training to a unit level and improving Infantry skills. Level 3 will consist of
Leadership Training and will build upon all previous training fostering skills above that of average
militia troops in tactical operations, critical thinking, and leadership skills. Training is not mandatory
but completion of training will be required for advancement in rank. A minimum attendance of 1
classroom training per month and 1 field training per quarter will be required to maintain
membership in Montana Statedefense force. Unit commanders are responsible for developing a
schedule of training that incorporates constant basic training for new recruits while facilitating
development and growth of leaders. Priority of work should be given to locating and maintaining
suitable locations that allow both classroom and field training preferably with the ability for live-fire
training. Scheduling should be consistent and cooperate with the availability of as many unit
personnel as possible, maintaining redundancy in order to facilitate members who are unable to
attend regular sessions.
Redress of Grievances
Lawful orders within the jurisdiction of Montana State defense force command shall be carried out
upon receipt without immediate recourse provided they do not present a danger to the life, limb, or
property of law abiding individuals. For redress of grievances an open-door policy shall be held by
all enlisted and commissioned members of Montana State Militia and any orders found to be in
violation of established policy shall be immediately rescinded or corrected by the appropriate level
of command. Violation of Montana State defense force guidelines is punishable by corrective
action to include immediate dismissal from service.